Exotic animal circuses

When children see animals in a circus, they learn that animals exist for our amusement. Quite apart from the cruelty involved in training and confining these animals, the whole idea that we should enjoy the humiliating spectacle of an elephant or lion made to perform circus tricks shows a lack of respect for the animals as individuals.Peter Singer, AC
Author, Philosopher and Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University

Animal Suffering

Exotic animals in circuses are routinely subjected to months on the road confined in small, barren cages. These animals are forced to live in enclosures denying them every opportunity to express their natural behaviour and their training is often based on fear and punishment as revealed by numerous undercover investigations. As circuses play no meaningful role in education or conservation, the lifelong suffering of these animals continues only for the sake of a few minutes of entertainment.

Circuses defend the use of exotic animals by claiming the animals are loved and well cared for. But, adding to an overwhelming body of evidence, the 2009 scientific review 'Are wild animals suited to a travelling circus life?' by the University of Bristol in the UK confirms that it is impossible to satisfy the behavioural and welfare needs of exotic animals in travelling circuses. The scientists conclude that "the species of non-domesticated animals commonly kept in circuses appear the least suited to a circus life."

Living conditions in circuses cause severe stress and frustration to non-domesticated animals, leading to abnormal behaviour (stereotypies) such as pacing by big cats, head bobbing by elephants or mouthing cage bars. These behaviours are scientifically acknowledged as indicators of an impaired welfare due to the inability to cope with unsuitable living conditions.


Around the world, the plight of animals in circuses is increasingly heard. National, regional and local governments in at least 30 countries have already banned the use of exotic or all animals in circuses. But the Australian Federal and State Government policies are failing these animals.

The requirements in the — mostly voluntary — guidelines for the keeping of animals in circuses in Australia are far below what is generally required for the same species kept in zoos and are totally inadequate to protect their welfare. Thankfully an increasing number of Australian councils are taking an ethical stance by adopting a ban on exotic animal circuses on council land.

The Future of Circus

As Cirque du Soleil, Circus Oz and many other popular circuses have shown, the success and economic viability of the circus does not require the use of any animal. In fact, exotic animals were not even part of the original circus concept — they were introduced in a much later stage. Eliminating animal exploitation in circuses simply means an increase in human performers, not an end to the tradition of circuses.

Animals Australia's position

For Animals Australia entertainment stops where animal suffering begins. Circuses can not recreate a natural environment nor can animals in circuses perform much natural behaviour. A non-domesticated animal’s life is consequently impoverished and the keeping of exotic animals in circuses should therefore be banned. The animals currently being kept by circuses need to be re-homed in a quality sanctuary or zoo.

For further information see the Exotic Animals in Circuses Fact Sheet.


All of the most entertaining circus productions rely exclusively on the skills of their talented human performers, proving that you don't need cruelty to make a circus. Look out for these and other great non-animal acts when they tour to a town near you!


What You Can Do:

  • Take the pledge not to support exotic animal circuses. Show your support for animal-free circuses instead!
  • Please tell your family and friends about the cruelty behind the big top, and explain to your children why you won't take them to a circus with exotic animals.
  • Write to your council, state and federal government to demand a ban on exotic animals in circuses.
  • If you want to have your voice heard when an animal circus is coming to your town, you can consider writing a letter to the editor of your local paper, and speaking on talk-back radio about the cruelty involved in animal circuses and why they should be banned.
  • Our animal circuses flier is a helpful tool to raise awareness. Accompanying this flier are more ideas on how to take action when an animal circus is in town.

Header video courtesy of PETA: How do you get a wild animal to perform unnatural circus tricks? This shocking undercover footage from the U.S. shows Carson & Barnes 'trainers' using bull hooks, electric prods, and even blowtorches on their elephants.


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