The answer might surprise you — it’s BOTH.
Both of the ads listed above were made by a Victorian puppy farmer, publicly exposed for confining dogs and puppies in concrete pens with no bedding, no stimulation, and no quality of life. The breeding dogs in this facility will live their entire lives confined to these pens with little to no human interaction — no walks at the park, no pats on the head, and no treats under the table. All of these dogs have been bred to be companions — and yet they are denied human companionship, all in the name of profit.
This breeder relied heavily on selling puppies through online avenues such as the Trading Post, where misleading ads of ‘happy’ dogs and pups are designed to dupe prospective buyers into thinking they are purchasing animals from a loving and healthy environment.